Cardamine trifolia

Trifoliate Bittercress

Evergreen Groundcover, Perennial

Cardamine trifolia is an attractive, easy to grow, evergreen groundcover for shade. It's tough, adaptable, and drought tolerant. When established, it will even tolerate dry shade. In spring, a froth of white blooms are held above the handsome, deep green foliage.

Growing Conditions

Zone: 5, 6, 7, 8

Exposure: Full Shade, Part Shade, Filtered Sun, Open Shade


Size: 4 - 6 tall x 6 - 18 wide
Shape / Form: Low and Spreading
Foliage Texture: Fine
Foliage Quality: Fine

Features: Attracts Bees, Attracts Butterflies, Drought-tolerant / Water wise, Winter Interest

Foliage Color: Green

Flower Color: White
Bloom Season: Spring

Uses and Applications

Landscape Uses: Beds and Borders, Edging, Groundcover, Mixed Border, Naturalize, Small Gardens
Special Situations: Deep Shade, Dry Shade
Wildlife: Bees, Butterflies

More Design Considerations

Season of Interest: Winter, Spring, Summer, Fall, Year-round Interest, Late Spring / Early Summer, Three Seasons of Interest
Position / Role: ground hugger
Plant Behavior: Naturalizes, Re-seeds in some conditions
Collections: Great Plant Pick

Care and Maintenance

Maintenance Level: low

Plant Combos